17-572

indicatrix of diffusion (for a specified incident beam)

representation in space, in the form of a surface expressed in polar coordinates, of the angular distribution of (relative) radiant intensity or luminous intensity or of (relative) radiance or luminance of an element of the surface of a medium that diffuses by reflection or transmission

Equivalent term: "scattering indicatrix"

NOTE 1 For a narrow incident beam of radiation, it is convenient to represent the indicatrix of diffusion in Cartesian coordinates. If the angular distribution has rotational symmetry, a meridian section of the surface is sufficient.

NOTE 2 The term "indicatrix" is often used to denote, instead of the surface, the curve obtained in a similar manner in a plane normal to the element concerned.

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