image state, scene-referred

image state associated with image data that represents estimates of the colour space coordinates of the elements of a scene

NOTE 1 When the phrase "scene-referred" is used as a qualifier to an object, it implies that the object is in a scene-referred image state. For example, scene-referred image data are image data in a scene-referred image state.

NOTE 2 Scene-referred image data can be determined from raw digital still camera (DSC) image data before colour rendering is performed. Generally, DSCs do not write scene-referred image data in image files, but some may do so in a special mode intended for this purpose. Typically, DSCs write standard output-referred image data where colour rendering has already been performed.

NOTE 3 Scene-referred image data typically represent relative scene colorimetry estimates. Absolute scene colorimetry estimates may be calculated using a scaling factor. The scaling factor can be derived from additional information such as the image opto-electronic conversion function (OECF), F Number or Aperture Value, and Exposure Time or Shutter Speed Value tags.

NOTE 4 Scene-referred image data may contain inaccuracies due to the dynamic range limitations of the capture device, noise from various sources, quantization, optical blurring and flare that are not corrected for, and colour analysis errors due to capture device metamerism. In some cases, these sources of inaccuracy can be significant.

NOTE 5 The transformation from raw DSC image data to scene-referred image data depends on the relative adopted whites selected for the scene and the colour space used to encode the image data. If the chosen scene adopted white is inappropriate, additional errors will be introduced into the scene-referred image data. These errors may be correctable if the transformation used to produce the scene-referred image data is known, and the colour encoding used for the incorrect scene-referred image data has adequate precision and dynamic range.

NOTE 6 The scene may correspond to an actual view of the natural world, or may be a computer-generated virtual scene simulating such a view. It may also correspond to a modified scene determined by applying modifications to an original scene to produce some different desired scene. Any such scene modifications should leave the image in a scene-referred image state, and should be done in the context of an expected colour rendering transform.

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